Beck's Blog

From Our Family Farm to Yours

10

Mar

2020

agronomy talk: SOYBEAN PLANTING DATE AND POPULATION

Author: Jim Schwartz

As farming becomes more complex and time becomes more precious, farmers are searching for ways to increase revenue and manage input costs on every acre. This leads us to ask, what soybean management practices can save you time, make the most sense agronomically, and make you money?

Comments (0) Number of views (141)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

agronomy talk: SOYBEAN FUNGICIDE & FOLIAR Mn APPLICATION

Author: Jim Schwartz

Manganese (Mn) is important in a soybean plant for its role in the activation of enzymes and in the process of photosynthesis. Additionally, Mn is known to regulate potassium (K) uptake.

Comments (0) Number of views (124)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

AGRONOMY TALK: SOYBEAN FOLIAR NUTRITION

Author: Jim Schwartz

We know that different nutrients are required at different times for optimum soybean yields. Current soybean biomass production shows a two-fold increase from the 1930s, and yields show a three-fold increase. With these drastic changes in genetics, it only makes sense that we would also see changes in nutrient uptake. In addition to genetics, there is evidence that environmental factors like temperature, moisture, and soil fertility influence nutrient uptake.

Comments (0) Number of views (113)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

agronomy talk: SEED TREATMENTS - CORN AND SOYBEAN

Author: Jim Schwartz

During cool, wet springs, seedling diseases are common and depending on the duration of the adverse weather, plants may struggle with emergence. This is where Beck’s Escalate™ yield enhancement system comes into play. Beck’s is continuously working to make this seed treatment the best in the industry by testing new biologicals, fungicides, and insecticides on the market.

Comments (0) Number of views (111)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

agronomy talk: residue management

Author: Jim Schwartz

In corn-after-corn systems, the high amount of residue can immobilize nitrogen and make it unavailable to the following crop. Robust® and Res Plus are products the help to feed microorganisms in the soil. By supporting microbial communities, these products lead, in turn, to increased microbial degradation of corn residue in corn-after-corn systems. Applying these products in the fall may help speed up residue breakdown so the carbon penalty is paid off earlier in the growing season. This would allow for a transition from immobilization to mineralization of residue-bound nitrogen (N).

Comments (0) Number of views (112)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

AGRONOMY TALK: NITROGEN TIMING AND PLACEMENT

Author: Jim Schwartz

Nitrogen (N) is a mobile nutrient. When we look at the N cycle, we think of NO3 - is the N form most readily taken up by the plant, followed by NH4 +. Loss of N when applying urea or UAN can occur as ammonia volatilization (lost in gaseous form). In the case of UAN applications, N loss can also occur in the form of NO3 - leaching if a heavy rain follows or denitrification. Two ways to prevent N loss are more accurate timing and more precise placement. If we can supply N to the plant when it needs it, this allows less time for N loss. If we supply N near the base of the plant where it can more easily access the nutrient, this could increase N use efficiency.

Comments (0) Number of views (117)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

Agronomy Talk: INSECTICIDES IN CORN AND SOYBEANS

Author: Jim Schwartz

When it comes to insecticides in corn and soybeans, it's important to remember that different pests are present at different points in the season. Whether or not an insecticide is warranted can be determined by a few factors. What insects are present? Does this field have a history of a particular insect pest? Are these insects present at a level that will impact your yield and ROI?

Comments (0) Number of views (114)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

Agronomy Talk: FUNGICIDES IN CORN

Author: Jim Schwartz

Fungicides are used in corn for a number of reasons. First and foremost, they can prevent or mitigate disease. How a fungicide works will depend on its mode of action. In addition to controlling disease, fungicides also work to increase water use efficiency in the plant, photosynthesis, nitrate reductase activity, timing for ear fill, and stress tolerance. One way to increase this stress tolerance is through the mitigation of ethylene production.

Comments (0) Number of views (115)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

10

Mar

2020

Agronomy Talk: Economic Optimum Nitrogen Rate - Corn

Author: Jim Schwartz

Nitrogen (N) is a critical input for a corn crop’s success. It is also one of the more challenging inputs to manage as every year brings a different set of environmental conditions that can change the response to different forms, timing, and placement of N on your farm. Researching N is equally challenging because so many external factors can impact the results. That’s why multi-year and multi-location data are key components to gaining a deeper understanding of N results. Through Beck’s PFR, we will continue to evaluate different timing and placement methods as we strive to help solve the puzzle that is N management.

Comments (0) Number of views (111)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

6

Mar

2020

Agronomy Talk: CORN STARTER FERTILIZERS

Author: Jim Schwartz

For many years, research has been conducted on starter fertilizers and placement, either in the row or near the row. The visual observations of the response to a starter often do not necessarily match up with the data at the end of the season. As we continue to learn and develop new products and application technologies, the results seem to be more promising and the responses more consistent. Beck's PFR continues to investigate some of the new application technologies and products that may provide a benefit.

Comments (0) Number of views (132)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

6

Mar

2020

Agronomy Talk: Corn Foliar Nutrition

Author: Jim Schwartz

We know that micronutrients such as zinc (Zn), manganese (Mn), and boron (B) are important for the growth and development of a corn plant. These nutrients are especially important at grain fill, as shown below. While timing is key, we also know that plants only require approximately 0.6 lb. of both Zn and B to produce a 220 Bu./A. corn crop, so foliar applications could potentially supply an adequate amount.

Comments (0) Number of views (132)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

27

Feb

2020

Agronomy Talk: ANTHRACNOSE IN CORN

Author: Scott Dickey

Anthracnose is a common fungal disease in most corn production areas of the United States. These symptoms are caused by the fungus Colletotrichum graminicola. This fungus can cause many issues in corn including early- and mid-season leaf blight, top dieback, and stalk rots. In severe cases, these diseases can lead to premature death of infected plants, stalk lodging and reduced harvestability, and loss of grain yield.

Comments (0) Number of views (215)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

27

Feb

2020

Agronomy Talk: Yield Components of Corn

Corn grain yield, typically measured in bushels per acre, can be broken down into distinct components that each contribute to the weight of harvested grain. While genetics govern some yield components, much of the harvested yield is directly affected by environmental conditions and management practices. Yield components include number of plants per acre, number of ears per plant, the number of kernels per ear, and the weight of each kernel.

Comments (0) Number of views (440)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

12

Feb

2020

AGRONOMY TALK: RAPID GROWTH SYNDROME

Author: Alex Long

Rapid Growth Syndrome (RGS) can result in some unsightly plants, but it is of little concern when it comes to plant health and yield. Symptoms include leaves twisted in the whorl that have a wrinkled appearance, followed by bright yellow new leaves. Affected plants are distributed at random throughout the field.

Comments (0) Number of views (228)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

11

Feb

2020

Agronomy Talk: GROWING NON-GMO CORN IN CORN ROOTWORM AREAS

Author: Chad Kalaher

Non-GMO corn production requires additional management considerations, particularly in areas with strong insect
pressure. With careful planning, scouting, and season-long management, non-GMO corn production can be successful.

Comments (0) Number of views (230)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

11

Feb

2020

AGRONOMY TALK: EUROPEAN CORN BORER

European corn borer (ECB) (Ostrinia nubilalis [Hubner]) was introduced to the eastern United States in 1917 and quickly became an economically important pest of the Corn Belt. With the introduction of transgenic Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis) corn in 1996, damage from this pest has been mitigated.

Comments (0) Number of views (571)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

7

Feb

2020

agronomy talk: POTASSIUM AND CORN DEVELOPMENT

Author: Dale Viktora

Potassium (K) plays vital roles within corn plants for carbohydrate, nutrient, and water flow. It is instrumental in gas exchange from the plant to the atmosphere as it regulates the opening and closing of the stomata of the leaf; it is also a key component in cell walls which add to stalk strength. Potassium is essential for photosynthesis, maximizing water use efficiency, helping maintain plant health, increasing test weight of grain, and nitrogen use efficiency. A corn plant requires almost as much K as nitrogen (N); however, when looking at soil test values across the Midwest, soil test K values have been falling. This is largely due to increased grain yields removing higher amounts of K from the soil and insufficient K applications.

Comments (0) Number of views (175)

6

Nov

2019

Controlling Waterhemp with the RR2X System

The Keys to Success

Author: Joe Bolte

University data has shown that soybean yields can be reduced by up to 35% due to competition with weeds. Problematic weeds such as waterhemp can produce over 800,000 seeds/plant while marestail can produce over 200,000 seeds/plant. Therefore, a handful of escapes can lead to a substantial increase in the seed bank, making future management more difficult and putting weed control at the top of farmers' minds.

Comments (0) Number of views (2878)
Read more

Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk

Tags:

4

Nov

2019

Agronomy Talk: PHYTOPHTHORA ROOT AND STEM ROT

Phytophthora root and stem rot is a common soil-borne disease in soybeans that is caused by the watermold, Phytophthora sojae. Phytophthora often occurs in poorly drained soils; it is most economically damaging in low-lying areas and fields that are prone to flooding.
 

Comments (0) Number of views (1183)

4

Nov

2019

Agronomy Talk: EAR DEFORMITIES

Ear and kernel development is a lengthy process for a corn plant. It begins at the V5 growth stage as the plant determines kernel rows around and then continues to V12 where the potential maximum length of the ear is determined. Next comes the pollination stages where the maximum number of kernels is established and then finally, R5 when the maximum kernel size is established.

Any stresses, natural or manmade, during this process, can lead to abnormal ear set. Many of the abnormal ears and their causes are detailed below. Accurate diagnosis of these abnormalities can help prevent future problems in the field.

Comments (0) Number of views (2835)
RSS
12345678910Last