I want to share a few reminders about the impact our management decisions and environmental factors can have on successful stand establishment. Key factors impacting corn emergence are soil moisture, availability of oxygen, soil temperature, seed quality and protection with seed treatment, variety selection, planting depth, seed-to-soil contact, uniform spacing, and singulation.
Categories: Agronomy Talk
Record temperatures throughout winter and spring have made outdoor activity pleasant for people and crop pests alike. Winter annual weeds in particular have flourished, reaching sizes and ground cover densities never seen before.
One of the most common questions this year has been what effects will the warm winter have on crop production for 2017? Will we see increased insect pressure, weeds, diseases, and crop stres? Only time will tell, but the lack of frozen soils usually means more issues with insects and diseases that can overwinter.
Most spring seasons are anything but typical. Cool, wet conditions can delay planting, and long hours can dull the senses and affect our attention to detail.
If you haven’t already started planting, I’m sure you will be soon. Let’s quickly discuss the unseasonably warm temperatures we had this winter and why it has me concerned for this growing season. We rely on sub-freezing temperatures to eliminate many disease pathogens and insects that overwinter in our fields
Beck’s agronomist, Sean Nettleton, provides an update to last week’s wheat webinar on freeze damage.
Categories: Agronomy, S Illinois
Tags: Agronomy, Agronomy Update, Wheat, Sean Nettleton, freeze damage
Beck’s agronomist, Austin Scott, provides an update to last week’s wheat webinar on freeze damage.
Categories: Agronomy, Kentucky, Tennessee
Tags: Agronomy, Agronomy Update, Wheat, Austin Scott, freeze damage
Beck’s agronomist, Chad Kalaher, provides an update to last week’s wheat webinar on freeze damage.
Categories: Agronomy, NE Illinois, NW Indiana, E Central Illinois
Tags: Chad Kalaher, Agronomy, Agronomy Update, Wheat, freeze damage
We are midway through March and have experienced some above average temperatures that have left many of us feeling as though our corn planters should be running. We have actually heard a few reports of corn being planted around the state, but I believe it is in your best interest to be patient and postpone your planting operations for just a little bit longer.
Categories: Agronomy, Missouri
Tags: Practical Farm Research, Beck's Agronomy, Missouri Agronomy, PFR, Planting Date, Alex Long, Crop Insurance, Soil Temperatures, Forecast
We are at the start of another challenging year with low commodity prices and shrinking margins. To succeed in a down market, we have to set ourselves up for success from the start. The best way to do that is to utilize all of your tools to their fullest potential. That means making sure your planter is ready for the field before it’s time to plant. Accuracy of plant spacing, seed depth, and seed-to-soil contact are the keys to achieving a picket fence stand and maximizing a crop’s yield potential. Below is a list of things to check before you pull out of the shop.
Tags: planting, Agronomy, Austin Scott, Kentucky Agronomy, Tennessee Agronomy, plant17, plant spacing, seed depth, seed-to-soil contact, planter prep
God willing, planters will be rolling through fields within the next four to five weeks. If you haven’t already, now is the time to start thinking about burndown options. We’ve had a very mild winter (as you can tell by the size of our wheat!) and many winter annuals have grown much larger than usual. This should be taken into consideration when thinking about those hard-to-control winter weeds like Italian ryegrass and marestail.
Tags: Agronomy, Herbicide, Marestail, Austin Scott, Kentucky Agronomy, Tennessee Agronomy, burndown, Dicamba, AgChat, Italian Ryegrass, graminicide, horseweed
Low commodity prices have drastically reduced margins this year and the best way to make a profit will be to utilize all of your tools to their fullest potential. That means making sure your planter is ready for the field before its time to plant.
Categories: Agronomy, N Indiana
Tags: planting, Agronomy, Denny Cobb, indiana agronomy, AgChat, plant17, planting checklist, planter recommendations, seed size, Vacuum Planters
Many farmers across the state are having discussions around what their crop rotation will be for the coming year. Should they keep their rotation the same? Or would it be economically advantageous to plant more soybeans? In my experience, many farmers typically debate this question but then end up staying the course and keeping their rotation intact. This year however feels a little different.
Categories: Agronomy, Ohio
Tags: Practical Farm Research, Agronomy, Sudden Death Syndrome (SDS), Ohio Agronomy, PFR, Ag Chat, LUKE SCHULTE, escalate SDS, Soybean Cyst Nematode (SCN), continuous soybeans, Sclerotinia White Mold (SWM), Phytophthora Root Rot (PRR), soil management
Earlier this month I sent an update discussing how the warmer weather could affect nitrogen (N) applications on wheat. With another stretch of unseasonably warm weather upon us, I thought it would be a great time to provide a quick update on our wheat crop.
Tags: Aphids, Wheat, Illinois Agronomy, wheat growth stages, Sean Nettleton, Ag Chat, Nitrogen Management on Wheat, Feeks Scale, wheat management
With unseasonably warm weather predicted over the next week in northern Illinois and Wisconsin, I anticipate seeing equipment hit the field for early spring field work. These early field applications can benefit any farming operation when done properly. Patience is very important as most of the compaction during a season occurs with the first pass of the year.
Categories: Agronomy, N Illinois, S. Wisconsin
Over the past few seasons, soybean yields as a whole have been pretty impressive. As a strategy to combat lower grain prices, many farmers are taking a closer look at soybean after soybean, or even continuous soybean, rotations. This is especially true for farmers with acres that may not always be best suited to grow corn. Some things to think about when considering a soybean after soybean scenario are fertility, disease management, planting rate, and weed control.
Tags: soybeans, Practical Farm Research, Agronomy, Soybean Planting Date, PFR, frogeye leaf spot, Sean Nettleton, Ag Chat, SEED TREATMENT, southern Illinois agronomy, soybean fertility, pH, foliar disease
This time of year, I anxiously await two things – planting season and baseball. “Watch the ball hit the bat” rings out from dads as they cheer their sons on in batting cages all over the country. In farming, it is just as important to see the seed hit the soil. Nothing is more important or more exciting than getting that perfect stand at planting. After all, you can’t score if you don’t get on base.
Kansas State Plant Pathologist Erick De DeWolf has put out, in my opinion, the most accurate winter wheat fungicide efficacy ratings. You can review it here. In it, he summarizes performance ratings and also provides insight we can utilize as we make plans for fungicide applications on our wheat this year.
In addition to these ratings, I wanted to share with you a few thoughts I had looking back on the 2016 season.
Tags: Agronomy, agronomist, Missouri Agronomy, David Hughes, Winter Wheat, Stripe rust, leaf rust, Septoria leaf blotch, Ag Chat, wheat fungicide efficacy ratings, fungicide on wheat, Powdery Mildew (PM), Fusarium head blight (wheat scab)
We have been experiencing warmer than usual temperatures this winter in Southern Indiana. In terms of wheat, this warm weather has not concerned me as it is what happens in early spring that affects yield the most. The two factors that have the biggest impact on our quest to achieving high-yielding wheat are scouting and nitrogen (N) management. As you begin to evaluate your wheat stand, one of the most important things to remember is to perform stand checks. This can be done with a 1 x 1 ft. square, as shown below. Be sure to take counts at multiple locations that represent different landscape positions in your fields.
Categories: Agronomy, S Indiana
Tags: Agronomy, Steve Gauck, Wheat, indiana agronomy, nitrogen management, Ag Chat, stand checks. tiller, Feekes growth stages, burnt leaf stages, split nitrogen applications
Cover crop acres have been steadily on the rise for the last few years. According to a recent survey by the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Department, farmers in the U.S. increased their cover crop acres by 147 percent from 2014 to 2016. But, this rapid adoption did not come without growing pains. Many farmers have struggled with terminating their cover crops on time and, in many cases, the cover crop persisted into the growing season and actually became detrimental to yield.
Cover crop acres have been steadily on the rise for the last few years. According to a recent survey by the Sustainable Agriculture Research and Education Department, farmers in the U.S. increased their cover crop acres by 147 percent from 2014 to 2016. But, this rapid adoption did not arise without growing pains. Many farmers have struggled with terminating their cover crops on time and, in many cases, the cover crop persisted into the growing season and actually became detrimental to yield. How and when you should kill your cover crop will be dependent on the cash crop you’re planting as well as the species and growth stage of your cover crop.
Many farmers are using cereal crops (cereal rye, wheat, etc.) as a part of their mixture because of their relatively low cost and ability to produce biomass above and below ground. Soybeans have a greater ability to overcome cereal competition early in the year so termination can be delayed up to 7 to 14 days after planting. Corn lacks the early season “grit” that soybeans have and thus, the cereal cover should be terminated at least 14 days ahead of planting. University of Tennessee Weed Scientists Dr. Garret Montgomery and Dr. Larry Steckel have seen a negative impact on corn stands and early season vigor when a standalone cereal cover crop was used. However, when a legume (vetch) was introduced to the mix, a significant difference in vigor was seen (Figure 1).
Tags: Agronomy, Cover Crops, Austin Scott, Kentucky Agronomy, Tennessee Agronomy, AgChat, Weed Suppression, Roller Crimper, Cover Crop Termination