Soil surface compaction can affect soybean plant height, root growth and development, pod set, and yield
Categories: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk
Tags: soybeans, Agronomy, Soil Conditions, compaction, early-season compaction
When a farmer ends up with damaged grain at harvest, the best thing to do is sell it as quickly as possible. However, sometimes due to the obligation to fulfill contracts or the ability to utilize bin space to capture carry in the market, it becomes necessary to store damaged grain.
Tags: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk, grain storage, damaged grain
We have received a lot of phone calls about down corn throughout the season.
Early on, this issue was primarily caused by saturated soils and heavy winds that pushed the corn over at the root system.
Tags: corn, Agronomy, Steve Gauck, late-season corn damage, crown rot, down corn, becks agronomy
There are numerous stalk rots that affect corn in mid to late season. Weather, nutrition and genetic disease tolerance all play major parts in the disease cycle. Plants move nutrients from the stalks to the ears during grain fill. High yields mean heavier ears. These two phenomena combined can make stalk quality issues a problem even in very high-yielding areas.
Tags: corn, Disease, stalk rot, residue management, corn stalk rot, plant stress
In this latest agronomy update, Beck’s Field Agronomist, David Hugues, addresses some of the seed quality issues farmers have been seeing in soybean fields across Missouri.
Tags: Beck's Agronomy, Missouri Agronomy, seed quality, soybean seeds, soybean disease
Tar Spot is a new phenomenon in the US. It is caused by a fungus called Phyllachora maydis, native to Central America. Tar Spot had only been identified in very isolated geographies in the U.S. until the summer of 2018. In Central America, the yield-robbing form of Tar Spot forms a complex with two other plant pathogens, neither of which have been documented in the U.S. It is unknown whether the Tar Spot organism is forming a pathogenic complex with other species present in the Midwest.
Tags: corn, Disease, tar spot
High rainfall and warm temperatures after maturity physically cause the soybean pod to swell and shrink. Any structural weakness in the pod from diseases or insect feeding will allow moisture into the pod where it affects the soybean itself. The pods then split open from the physical stress of swelling with moisture. Soybeans exposed to warm temperature and high moisture are also subject to germinating in the pod. All soybean varieties are susceptible to damage in exceptionally wet years.
Tags: Agronomy, Beck's Agronomy, Soybean Diseases, Agronomy Talk, discolored soybeans, soybean damage
We are having a particularly wet harvest in many areas. Keep an eye out for deteriorating grain quality. Here’s a good reference guide from Steve Gauck on ear molds in corn.
Tags: Steve Gauck, Agronomy Talk, ear molds, trichoderma, penicillum, gibberella, fusarium, diplodia, aspergillus
In this agronomy update, Nate Mayer and Jerry Mathis, Field Agronomist for Beck's Hybrids, evaluate late-season stalk integrity as we prepare for harvest.
Tags: Agronomy, Agronomy Talk, stalk quality, agronomy blog
It's pollination time in Southern Indiana and this agronomy update is all about checking how well your corn is pollinating.
Categories: Agronomy, S Indiana, Agronomy Talk
Tags: Agronomy Talk, Ag Talk, agronomy blog, ag blog, corn pollination
As planting gets underway, we need to remember the importance of seeding depth. Planting too deep or too shallow can have an impact on stand establishment and uniformity. Uneven plant emergence can result in plant-to-plant variation and, in certain instances, can impact final grain yield. Soil conditions should be watched closely as these changes will dictate how seeding depth should be adjusted.
Categories: Agronomy Talk
It is the dawn of a new season and new opportunity! Before heading to the fields this spring, be sure to have your corn meters calibrated to the seed size you are planting to maximize seed placement. Take time the first day of planting to go over the planter, check its depth, and look at plant spacing, fertilizer rates, closing wheels, talc, and graphite. Mistakes made with the planter will haunt you all season, so don’t worry about how many acres you plant the first day, just get the planter set right! If you are looking at some of our PFR Proven™ products and practices, leave some check strips, as we all want to know what works to increase profits this year.
Spring is once again upon us! As with every year, it’s a great idea to review your field plans one last time before the rush begins. This year, I’m excited to work with farmers in our PFR Partners program. This will be a great tool that farmers can use to test studies from the Practical Farm Research (PFR)® book on their own farm, and to help prove the value of these products and practices out in the field.
Over the past few decades, we have continued to see a trend toward earlier corn planting to maximize yields. While there is a yield benefit, early planting comes with the additional risk of unpredictable weather.
As we enter this spring season, many of us are wondering…what will the repercussions be of this past winter’s mild temperatures? While no one really knows definitively if we’ll experience increased insect or disease pressure, we do know we’ll likely have increased winter annual weed pressure in our fields. Last fall’s extended season, along with the warm soil temperatures this spring, have resulted in an increase in marestail population as well as size of marestail rosettes.
Every year when the calendar flips to April, I sit back and think about how awesome it would be if I could tell you the exact crop plan and weather to obtain maximum yields in the season ahead. Sadly, I can’t do that, but I can at least pass on a few reminders that will set the foundation for a high-yielding crop. In my opinion, the planter pass is the most important pass of the season, and should be treated as such.
With spring, comes a flurry of activity. There are a million things to get done to raise a successful crop. In all the commotion of planting season, I recommend keeping a watchful eye on plant nutrition. You may say, “no sweat I already have my N, P and K applied so I checked that off the list weeks ago”. Applications of the big three nutrients are vital, and while I don’t want to minimize their importance, we shouldn’t assume that since we made our annual fertilizer applications that providing all the nutrition our crops need is complete.
This unusual, warm and dry winter has many corn producers thinking that early season insects or disease may be of greater concern than normal. Even if that happens, our seed-applied fungicides in Escalate™, are selected to offer broad spectrum control, regardless of the weather conditions that may encourage early season corn diseases.
I want to share a few reminders about the impact our management decisions and environmental factors can have on successful stand establishment. Key factors impacting corn emergence are soil moisture, availability of oxygen, soil temperature, seed quality and protection with seed treatment, variety selection, planting depth, seed-to-soil contact, uniform spacing, and singulation.
Record temperatures throughout winter and spring have made outdoor activity pleasant for people and crop pests alike. Winter annual weeds in particular have flourished, reaching sizes and ground cover densities never seen before.
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