If you think waterhemp is a pain, hold on to your seat. Here comes its bigger, more aggressive and uglier brother, Palmer amaranth. Palmer amaranth was first found in Iowa in 2013. Thanks to early identification and management, it was held to five counties. But unfortunately, Palmer amaranth has now been found in 16 Iowa counties.
Categories: Agronomy Talk
With harvest underway, the 2016 season will be complete in the coming weeks. This is also the time of the year when fertilizer is being applied and decisions are being made for 2017. As we all know, nitrogen (N) is a critical component to high yields, and much of Iowa’s N is applied before a crop is ever planted. Late fall and spring applied N is a common practice and ensures that a portion of N is applied before planting.
With the current commodity prices, farmers will be looking to cut costs wherever possible. One of those places will likely be lime and fertilizer applications. If your fertilizer and lime applications are one of the
things you are considering cutting, be sure to evaluate your fields closely and be confident that the cuts are being made on fields that are testing high enough in phosphorus and/or potassium.
After a slow start to the 2016 harvest, farmers throughout Ohio are now in full swing. Harvest marks the final stage to our 2016 crop, it is also the first step in preparing for your 2017 crop. Sitting in the combine at harvest is the perfect time to evaluate the various inputs and practices we implemented throughout the past growing season.
Categories: Agronomy, Ohio
Tags: Practical Farm Research, Agronomy, Fertility, Nitrogen, Ohio Agronomy, management practices, Fungicide, PFR, Ag Chat, Ag Talk, harvest 2016, LUKE SCHULTE, Preparing for 2017, hybrid evaluation, population
The time spent in the combine is perfect for scouting winter annual weeds while monitoring your harvest operations. A winter annual weed is just like it sounds… an annual weed with a life cycle that begins in the fall and may go dormant during the winter before maturing and dying in the spring. With this type of life cycle, winter annual weeds were less of a concern in past years because they weren’t considered to be competitive with a growing summer crop, and conventional tillage practices took care of them before planting.
Categories: Agronomy, Missouri
Tags: Beck's Blog, AgTalk, Agronomy Update, Marestail, Missouri Agronomy, Beck's Agronomist, David Hughes, tillage, Winter Weeds, Winter Annual Weeds, chickweed, henbit, Carolina foxtail, Virginia pepperweed, purselane, sheperdspurse, field pennycress, fall herbicide program, weed resistance management, winter annual crop, cover crop
Cover crops offer a variety of benefits from reducing erosion to adding nutrients to your soil. When I start a conversation with a farmer about cover crops, my first question is always, “what are your goals for the cover crop?” Cover crops are used for many different reasons so it’s important to know why you need them before you plant. A pre-determined goal will help you decide which cover crop or cover crop mixture you should plant on your farm.
Categories: Agronomy, Kentucky, Tennessee
Tags: Practical Farm Research, Agronomy, Beck's, Cover Crops, PFR, Austin Scott, Kentucky Agronomy, Tennessee Agronomy, Ag Chat, Cover Crop Solutions, Fall Cover Crop, yield benefits, fall harvest, herbicide carryover on cover crops, cover crop mix
“Harvest time is here but my soybeans won’t get fit to harvest!”
A very common, yet intriguing question many farmers have had this fall. I’ve heard numerous remarks such as “my 3.5 maturity soybeans will be ready before my 2.9 soybeans and I planted them at the same time!” So why are soybeans maturing inconsistently?
Tags: harvest, soybeans, Agronomy, soybean harvest, Ohio Agronomy, Ag Chat, Ag Talk, harvest 2016, LUKE SCHULTE, SOYBEAN FIELD, SOYBEAN MATURITY, SOYBEAN MATURITY STAGES, SOYBEAN STRESS. SOYBEAN POD ABORTION
Categories: Agronomy, NE Illinois, NW Indiana, S. Wisconsin
Tags: Beck's Blog, AgTalk, Chad Kalaher, Agronomy Update, Beck's Agronomist, indiana agronomy, Illinois Agronomy, Winter Wheat, winter kill in wheat, Wisconsin Agronomy, MIDWEST WHEAT, Hessian fly-free date
Summer rains have been few and far between in Ohio. While some fields have luckily received more than others, we’ll find out soon which fields received enough to maintain yields when the combines roll.
Some of our most southern areas have already begun harvesting corn and the rest should be starting this month. Something to keep in mind when harvesting is how you will manage the corn residue.
Decision making in farming can be tough. There are so many management strategies and products that have the potential to increase net revenue. One way to make it easier is to establish a baseline for yield in every field.
Early fall is mostly pre-harvest time in my area. We can evaluate the past growing season and consider possible changes to our operations. One of the most commonly discussed programs this summer has been
the LibertyLink® system for 2017.
Take one last chance to scout before harvest begins. As you walk fields, look at disease levels. Which hybrids handled disease better? Are you happy with your fungicide applications? Look at grain fill and pollination. Take a final assessment of weed control and make note of what weeds are present and if they need to be targeted next year. In soybeans, be on the lookout for Palmer amaranth, as it has been identified in southern Indiana.
As the growing season comes to an end, it’s always a good idea to review weather records and the various practices that you experimented with on your farms. Once again, weather events created challenges throughout the 2016 growing season that were beyond our control.
The 2016 crop continues to mature, though it may not be quite as fast or large as many predicted just a few weeks earlier.
As harvest progresses, it’s important to take time to look at what the corn crop has to tell us. Walk your fields and evaluate hybrids for disease, stalk quality, and nutrient deficiencies. Not only will a last minute scouting session help us evaluate the farming and management practices implemented this past year, but it will also help us plan for harvest work. Now is also the time to explore options for residue management and fertilizer decisions.
The end is near for the 2016 crop! As we prepare equipment for harvest, take time to review your plans for fall. Will you be sowing wheat, collecting soil samples, establishing cover crops, or even improving your fields’ drainage? There’s still time to review these plans to make sure these fall projects go smoothly.
I get excited when farmers innovate and develop simple solutions to production challenges that provide immediate return on investment. John Miller from Catlin, IL has done just that with his Nitrogen Sealing Systems.
As we near harvest, I wanted to review stalk rots. We commonly see a few of them in Iowa that cause a lot of headaches during harvest.
As corn begins to dry down for harvest, we need to be on the lookout for corn ear rots. Numerous fungi exist that can cause ear rots, all of which are influenced by specific weather and environmental conditions. Cool, wet conditions at silking would tend to favor the development of Gibberella ear rot, while Aspergilus will tend to be an issue when conditions are hot and dry.